Seminole Website The term "Seminole" is a derivative of "cimarron" which means "wild men" in Spanish.
In the last half of the 18th century, migrants from the Creek towns of southern Georgia moved into northern Florida, the former territory of the Apalachee and Timucua.
There they were almost immediately joined by individuals—Africans, African Americansand American Indians—who had escaped from slavery as well as by others attempting to avoid the bloody power struggles between European colonizers and other Southeast Indians.
See also Black Seminole. The Seminoles generally welcomed those newcomers. Their economy emphasized hunting, fishing, and gathering wild foods such as nuts and berries; they also grew corn maizebeans, squash, melons, and other produce on high ground within the wetlands.
People typically wore long tunics; by the late 19th century, Seminole clothing was often decorated with brightly coloured strips of cloth. In an effort to stem further colonial encroachment and to avoid forced removal to the west, the Seminoles fought a succession of wars in —18, —42, and —58 see Seminole Wars.
In a treaty proposal that would have obligated the Seminoles to move west of the Mississippi River was rejected by a large portion of the tribe.
The Second Seminole War was one of the costliest of the U. In Osceola and other tribal leaders agreed to meet the U. Fighting continued sporadically for another four years, but the tribe eventually surrendered.
The people were required to move to Indian Territory Oklahoma and were resettled in the western part of the Creek reservation there. A few Seminoles remained in Florida.
In Oklahoma the Seminoles became one of the Five Civilized Tribeswhich also included the CherokeeChickasawCreekand Choctawall of whom had been forcibly removed from the southeastern United States by the federal government in the s.
For three-quarters of a century each tribe had a land allotment and a quasi-autonomous government modeled on that of the United States. In preparation for Oklahoma statehoodsome of that land was allotted to individual tribal members; the rest was opened up to nonnative homesteaders, held in trust by the federal government, or allotted to freed slaves.
Federal policies effectively dissolved the Oklahoma tribal governments in ; changes in those federal policies resulted in the revitalization of the tribal governments in the midth century.
For some 40 years after the Seminole Wars, those Seminoles who stayed in Florida endured hardships related to their resistance to removal. By the close of the 19th century, however, relations with neighbouring Euro-Americans had improved.
During the first half of the 20th century, tribal members regained some 80, acres of land from the U. Over the next 50 years the tribe developed economic programs ranging from citrus production to tourist attractions and infrastructureincluding an ecotourism park, a tribal museuma casino, and a private airstrip.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Florida, constituent state of the United States of America. It was admitted as the 27th state in Florida is the most populous of the southeastern states and the second most populous Southern state after leslutinsduphoenix.com capital is Tallahassee, located in the northwestern panhandle.
The Seminole are a Native American people originally from leslutinsduphoenix.com, they principally live in Oklahoma with a minority in Florida, and comprise three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as independent leslutinsduphoenix.com Seminole nation emerged in a process of ethnogenesis from various Native.
The history of the United States began with the settlement of Indigenous people before 15, BC. Numerous cultures formed. The arrival of Christopher Columbus in started the European colonization of the leslutinsduphoenix.com colonies formed after By the s, thirteen British colonies contained million people along the Atlantic coast east of the Appalachian Mountains.
The Seminole, like their Five Civilized Tribes brethren, were victims of a calculated purge of Native Americans throughout the United States in the 19th Century.
Information and links about the Native American cultures, nations, and peoples of the United States and Canada. Unconquered People: Florida's Seminole and Miccosukee Indians (Native Peoples, Cultures, and Places of the Southeastern United States) [Brent R.
Weisman] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Who are Florida’s Seminole and Miccosukee Indians? Where did they come from?
How and why are they different from one another.