Democracy in the contemplary world

How was democracy restored in Chile? This led to Pinochet losing first his political and then his military powers. Then Chile had four presidential elections in which different political parties have participated.

Democracy in the contemplary world

If not, the process can be captured by demagogues Democracy in the contemplary world too many vote in a self-centered way, as happened in Weimar Germany.

It can also be very claustrophobic or oppressive as majorities can use their position to intimidate minority opinions. Modern democracy has benefited from the mass education of citizens, the free pressand most especially the Protestant Reformationwhich encouraged self-restraint and public-mindedness and trained people in self-government.

It combines the elements demos which means "people" and kratos "force, power". Kratos is an unexpectedly brutish word. In the words "monarchy" and "oligarchy," the second element, "arche," means rule, leading, or being first.

The Athenian democracy developed in the Greek city-state of Athens comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica. Athens was one of the very first known democracies and probably the most important in ancient times.

Every adult male citizen was by right a member of the Assembly and had a duty to participate and vote on legislation and executive bills. The officials of the democracy were elected by lot, except generals strategoi and financial officials, who were elected by the Assembly.

Election was seen as less democratic and open to corruption because it would favor the rich who could buy votes and the eloquent, whereas a lottery gave everyone an equal chance to participate and experience, in Aristotle 's words, "ruling and being ruled in turn" Politics b28— Participation was not open to all the inhabitants of Attica, but the in-group of participants was constituted with no reference to economic class and they participated on a scale that was truly phenomenal.

Never before had so many people spent so much of their time in governing themselves. However, they only had the time to do this because of the huge number of slaves that underpinned the Athenian economy.

Political rights and citizenship were not granted to women, slavesor metics aliens. Of theinhabitants, about one third were from citizen families and about 30, were citizens.

Of those 30, perhaps 5, might regularly attend one or more meetings of the popular Assembly.

Democracy in the contemplary world

Athenian polity was an expression of its philosophy. One of the distinguishing features of ancient Greece was its lack of a priestly class who would mediate between the people and the gods and also be channels of the divine laws and will.

Instead, the philosopher Aristotle summed the humanistic Greek view up in his definition of human beings as "political or social animals," or as another philosopher put it, "man is the measure of all things. Thus, for Athenians, making laws and arguing about policy was their duty and right.

This contrasts with a religiously based culture where it is the gods who make or hand down the laws and human beings do not have the authority to make or change these laws. So individual citizens of Athens had the right to take the initiative: There were many critics of Athenian democracy and twice it suffered coups.

For example in B. After the battle, a storm arose and the eight generals in command failed to collect survivors: The Athenians sentenced all of them to death.

Technically, it was illegal, as the generals were tried and sentenced together, rather than one by one as Athenian law required. Socrates happened to be the citizen presiding over the assembly that day. He refused to cooperate, objecting to the idea that the people should be able to ignore the laws and do whatever they wanted just because they were in the majority.

This tension in democracy between the rule of law, limiting government and protecting individual liberties, and the rule of the people, being able to override individual liberties, resurfaced in modern history with two competing versions of democracy. However, the growth of centers of commerce and city-states led to great experimentation in non-feudal forms of government.

Many cities elected mayors or burghers. There were various systems involving elections or assemblies, although often only involving a minority of the population. Such city states, particularly on the Italian peninsula, often allowed greater freedom for science and the arts, and the Renaissance blossomed in this environment, helping to create conditions for the re-emergence of democracy.

One of the most significant influences on the development of democracy was Protestantism. The hierarchical Roman Catholic Church supported absolute monarchy and was a powerful opponent of democracy and liberalism. The fragmentation and restructuring of Christianity that accompanied the Reformation enabled groups of Christians in some countries to experiment and set up their own congregations based on different ecclesiologies, such as Presbyterianism and Congregationalism.

These arguments and discussions over church polity spilled over into politics and influenced the development of democracy.Aug 18,  · Restoration of Democracy Video by Edupedia World (, Free Online Education; Download our app from play store: Download our App: Democracy is a form of government that allows people to choose their rulers.

in a democracy: (i) Only leasers elected by people should rule the country, and (ii) People have the freedom to express views, freedom to organize and freedom to protest. Democracy In The Contemporary World 1.

Democracy in the contemplary world

Topics to be discussed: Development of democracy Salvador Allende Democracy in Chile. Pinochet’s Rule. Restoration of democracy. Story Of Michelle Bachelet. Democracy in Poland. Jaruzelski. The two features of democracy Changing maps of democracy. Oct 07,  · Salvador Allende reformed the educational system.

He provided free milk for school children. He redistributed land to the landless farmers. He also opposed foreign companies which are taking away natural resources like copper from the country/5(). TWO TALES OF DEMOCRACY o Many countries struggled for democracy, suffered setbacks.

o Chile, the democratic government of Allende was overthrown in , and Pinochet became the military ruler o Democracy was restored again in Chile in o Poland, a non-democratic country, a one- party rule was replaced by democracy under Lech Walesa.

Aug 18,  · Civics (Grade 9): High School Learning: Democracy in the Contemporary World | Two Tales of Democracy | Salvador Allende | Augusto Pinochet: Democracy in the Contemporary World .

Notes And Assignment for History IX, XI and XII: ch-1 Democracy in contemporary world