The report should state clear objectives, show all testing or compiled data, and a summary of the results.
Label diagrams and graphs as follows; Figure 1. In this example, the second diagram in section 1 would be referred to by " Any phrases, sentences or paragraphs which are copied unaltered must be enclosed in quotation marks and referenced by a number.
Material which is not reproduced unaltered should not be in quotation marks but must still be referenced. It is not sufficient to list the sources of information at the end of the report; you must indicate the sources of information individually within the report using the reference numbering system.
Information that is not referenced is assumed to be either common knowledge or your own work or ideas; if it is not, then it is assumed to be plagiarised i. This is a serious offence. If the person copied from is a fellow student, then this offence is known as collusion and is equally serious.
Examination boards can, and do, impose penalties for these offences ranging from loss of marks to disqualification from the award of a degree This warning applies equally to information obtained from the Internet.
It is very easy for markers to identify words and images that have been copied directly from web sites.
If you do this without acknowledging the source of your information and putting the words in quotation marks then your report will be sent to the Investigating Officer and you may be called before a disciplinary panel.
Now you must add the page numbers, contents and title pages and write the summary. It must be intelligible without the rest of the report. Many people may read, and refer to, a report summary but only a few may read the full report, as often happens in a professional organisation.
Purpose - a short version of the report and a guide to the report. Length - short, typically not more than words Content - provide information, not just a description of the report. You should acquire the habit of never sending or submitting any piece of written work, from email to course work, without at least one and preferably several processes of proofreading.
In addition, it is not possible for you, as the author of a long piece of writing, to proofread accurately yourself; you are too familiar with what you have written and will not spot all the mistakes.
When you have finished your report, and before you staple it, you must check it very carefully yourself. You should then give it to someone else, e. You should record the name of this person in your acknowledgements. This includes words, word order, style and layout.
Word processing and desktop publishing packages never make up for poor or inaccurate content They allow for the incremental production of a long document in portions which are stored and combined later They can waste a lot of time by slowing down writing and distracting the writer with the mechanics of text and graphics manipulation.
They can be used to make a document look stylish and professional. They make the process of proofreading and revision extremely straightforward If the first draft is word processed, it can look so stylish that the writer is fooled into thinking that it does not need proofreading and revision!
Two useful tips; Do not bother with style and formatting of a document until the penultimate or final draft.
Do not try to get graphics finalised until the text content is complete. A Handbook of Writing for Engineers 2nd ed. Macmillan van Emden J.How to Write a Design Report ver: Summary A design report is the written record of the project and generally is the only record that lives once the.
Since the abstract condenses and emphasizes the most important elements of the whole report, you cannot write it until after you have completed the report. Remember, the abstract should be a precise and specific summary — give details.
Since the format for references varies across engineering, consult your instructor, or check a style. WRITING SHORT TECHNICAL REPORTS Wallace J. Hopp Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences Northwestern University Evanston, IL A Project Brief is that essential document, which defines primary client's requirements for the project.
Typically, any project starts with this document. An executor sends the brief to the customer, whom should concretize the project. report. 4.
Introduction: a brief description of the problem, how it was approached, were used to complete the project and write the report. All references listed . ENGINEERING REPORT WRITING Electrical and Computer Engineering Department This booklet describes briefly how to write an effective engineering report.
As you read this booklet, keep in mind that there conclusions may be supported by brief reference to .