India's Big Plans for Biodiesel Researchers are developing new methods for cultivating a plant called jatropha.
The drivers for this are historic, functional, economic, environmental, moral and political. Jatropha oil has been used in India for several decades as biodiesel for the diesel fuel requirements of remote rural and forest communities; jatropha oil can be used directly after extraction i.
Jatropha has the potential to provide economic benefits at the local level since under suitable management it has the potential to grow in dry marginal non-agricultural lands, thereby allowing villagers and farmers to leverage non-farm land for income generation.
As well, increased Jatropha oil production delivers economic benefits to India on the macroeconomic or national level as it reduces the nation's fossil fuel import bill for diesel production the main transportation fuel used in the country ; minimising the expenditure of India's foreign-currency reserves for fuel allowing India to increase its growing foreign currency reserves which can be better spent on capital expenditures for industrial inputs and production.
And since Jatropha oil is carbon-neutral, large-scale production will improve the country's carbon emissions profile. Finally, since no food producing farmland is required for producing this biofuel unlike corn or sugar cane ethanol, or palm oil dieselit is considered the most politically and morally acceptable choice among India's current biofuel options; it has no known negative impact on the production of the massive amounts grains and other vital agriculture goods India produces to meet the food requirements of its massive population circa 1.
Other biofuels which displace food crops from viable agricultural land such as corn ethanol or palm biodiesel have caused serious price increases for basic food grains and edible oils in other countries. Seeds from the Jatropha curcas plant are used for the production of bio-fuel, a crucial part of India's plan to attain energy sustainability.
India's total biodiesel requirement is projected to grow to 3. Due to these strategies, the rising population, and the growing energy demand from the transport sector, biofuels can be assured of a significant market in India.
That will mean setting asidesquare kilometres of land. Presently fuel yielding plants cover less than 5, square kilometres. Jatropha oil is produced from the seeds of the Jatropha curcasa plant that can grow in wastelands across India, and the oil is considered to be an excellent source of bio-diesel.
India is keen on reducing its dependence on coal and petroleum to meet its increasing energy demand and encouraging Jatropha cultivation is a crucial component of its energy policy. However, in recent times the bio-fuel policy has come under critical review, on the way it has been promoted.
Abdul Kalamis one of the strong advocaters of jatropha cultivation for production of bio-diesel. Once this plant is grown the plant has a useful lifespan of several decades.
During its life, Jatropha requires very little water when compared to other cash crops. Recently, the State Bank of India provided a boost to the cultivation of Jatropha in India by signing a Memorandum of Understanding with D1 Mohan, a joint venture of D1 Oils plc, to give loans to the tune of 1.
Farmers will also be able to pay back the loan with the money that D1 Mohan pays for the Jatropha seeds. Indian Railways The Indian Railways has started to use the oil blended with diesel fuel in various ratios from the Jatropha plant to power its diesel engines with great success.
Currently the diesel locomotives that run from Thanjavur to Nagore section and Tiruchirapalli to Lalgudi, Dindigul and Karur sections in Tamil Nadu run on a blend of Jatropha and diesel oil.
The company has selected acres 0. The central government has provided Rs. In MayChief Minister Raman Singh became the first head of a state government to use jatropha diesel for his official vehicle. Chhattisgarh plans to replace with jatropha fuel all state-owned vehicles using diesel and petrol by Chhattisgarh Bio-fuel Development Authority now oversees the production of the Jatropha curcas seed as a rich source of bio-diesel.
Karnataka Farmers in semi-arid regions of Karnataka are planting Jatropha as it is well suited to those conditions.
Since the yearthe Company is active in Biodiesel and Jatropha curcas-based Research and Development activities headed by its chairman and managing director, Dr.
Jatropha seeds are used in ksrtc, bmtc ,government buses  Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu is aggressively promoting the plantation of Jatropha to help farmers over come the loss due to irregular rains during the past few years. The government has contracted the development of Jatropha in Tamil Nadu in a large scale to four entrepreneurs.
The government of Tamil Nadu has also abolished purchase tax on Jatropha. In the Udaipur district, Jatropha curcas is planted in agroforestry formats with food or cash crops on marginal lands in India often called waste lands. As its leaves are toxic and therefore non-palatable to livestock, they remain intact in their sapling stage, unlike most other tree saplings.
These Jatropha Seeds are very much favourable for the Germination. Udaipur is the major supplier of the Jatropha Seeds especially for the Germination. Many companies and Govt are taking interest to collect best seeds from Udaipur.
Bulk Agro I Pvt Ltd is the elite of the suppliers. Initially, it was a very difficult task to make farmers ready for the Jatropha plantation. When 20—25 farmers were offered the plan, only 2—3 farmers were convinced to plant jatropha. Lack of literacy was a big hindrance in convincing the farmers.
It was hard to convince them about the future benefits of the plant and its potential to produce bio-diesel, an equivalent of diesel. To date, more than 2 million Jatropha plants have been planted in the target area of the five villages of Vankute, Dhoki, Dhotre, Dhavalpuri and Gajdipoor in the project.
This biodiesel initiative was incorporated in July India is extending plantations of jatropha, an oil-producing tree that is used in biodiesel production. The Indian sugar ethanol program sets a target of 5% bioethanol incorporation into transport fuel. . C entre For Jatropha Promotion & Biodiesel (CJP) has become the global promoter and producer of jatropha.
We have expanded our activities right from desert of Churu Rajasthan to entire India & now expanding all over world. WE have undertaken the pioneering work of jatropha plantation-the promising biofuel crop with a mission "GREENING THE THE -EARTH.
Hi, I am from India, I want to start biodiesel business altogether includes cultivation of jatropha and production of diesel.
I would like to know the costs for the cultivation and production of biodiesel. Dec 27, · Biodiesel could be an important renewable substitute for fossil fuels. And, in certain parts of the world, governments and some corporations consider the jatropha plant, common in hot climates Author: Michael Fitzgerald.
Jatropha incentives in India is a part of India's goal to achieve energy independence by the year Jatropha oil is produced from the seeds of the Jatropha curcas, a plant that can grow in wastelands across India, and the oil is considered to be an excellent source of bio-diesel.
Jatropha biodiesel business plan price of a planbiodiesel conference towards energy independence focus pl in india pdf - Condant.