Cuisine[ edit ] St Lucia's national dish is green banana and saltfish. The Island's Cuisine is a unique blend of West African, European mainly British and French and East Indian cuisine this creates dynamic meal dishes such as Macaroni pieStew chicken, rice and peashearty fish broths or fish water, hearty soups packed full with fresh locally produced vegetables. Typical essential food stuff are potatoesonionscelerythymecoconut milkthe very hot scotch bonnet peppersflour and cornmeal. All mainstream meat and poultry are eaten in St Lucia meat and seafood are normally stewed and browned to create a rich gravy sometimes served over ground provisions or rice.
The origins of the name Saint Lucia are lost in history. Saint Lucians identify by this name, distinguishing themselves from residents and nationals of neighboring islands.
Although many thousands have emigrated to various parts of the Americas and Europe, especially during the twentieth century, this identification remains strong, even among those born in the diaspora.
The question of a shared culture is contentious, for Saint Lucians are divided along many lines, yet there is a sense of belonging to a place, a locality, of which they have a sense of possession. Saint Lucia has an area of square miles square kilometers. It is 27 miles 43 kilometer long on its north-south axis and 14 miles 22 kilometer at its widest east-west dimension.
Saint Lucia lies between Saint Vincent to the south and Martinique to the north.
It is a mountainous island born of ancient volcanic activity, some of which remains in the form of a sulphur springs area near the southwest coastal town of Soufriere. Rainfall is plentiful but variable, with heaviest precipitation in the mountainous interior and drier regions at the north and south extremities.
There is also an annual wet-dry cycle, but it is not pronounced. The island is ringed by a number of settlements, many of which had their origins as fishing villages and residential areas associated with plantations.
The capital, Castries, is in the northwest. Castries is situated on a natural harbor that accounts for its preeminence from earliest colonial times. In recent decades there has been a substantial growth of some interior settlements associated with banana cultivation.
This represents a Population growth is slowed only by a substantial outward migration.
Nearly 40 percent of the population lives in the greater Castries area, a percentage that did not change much in the 20 years between and However, the Castries population has shifted from the central city and its densely populated residential areas to more dispersed suburban neighborhoods as new housing has been built.
The area of most rapid growth is the Gros-Islet region in the north of the island, the center of tourism development and upper middle-class and expatriate housing construction. A small minority, less than 10 percent, has East Indian ancestry—descendants of indentured workers brought to the island after This minority has dispersed in the Saint Lucia last forty years, but is still concentrated in a few rural villages.
There remain a few old families of European origin, but there are no settlements of poor whites like those found in some neighboring islands. A more recently arrived Middle-Eastern population is mostly settled in the city. Most Saint Lucians are functionally bilingual, especially those under 40 years of age.The Folk Research Centre (FRC) is a non-governmental organisation established in as (1) repository for cultural heritage and (2) a vehicle for research, study, recording and promulgating Saint Lucia’s rich heritage.
The music of Saint Lucia is home to many vibrant oral and folk traditions and is based on elements derived from the music of Africa, especially rhythmically, . It seems curious that this cultural icon, who has always been so steeped in folk culture, was born elsewhere.
The son of a Saint Lucian mother, Frank Norville was born in . Harold Simmons mentored Saint Lucian cultural luminaries Dunstan St Omer and Derek Walcott as young artists and inspired in them a curiosity about Saint Lucia's folk culture. Dunstan St Omer credits Simmons with having introduced the idea of West Indian landscape and life as a worthy subject for study in his work.
Saint Lucia stands apart from the rest of the Caribbean Islands thanks to its varied landscape and diverse culture and cuisine which is distinguished by African, Indian, . The musical culture of Saint Lucia includes an indigenous folk music tradition, as well as other Caribbean music genres such as Calypso, soca, zouk and reggae.
Saint Lucia produces very high quantities of zouk music.