The influence of the bauhaus on typography

History of typography Type, from Gutenberg to the 18th century Whatever else the typographer works with, he works with type, the letter that is the basic element of his trade. It has already been said that there have been but three major type families in the history of Western printing: All had their origin in the scripts of the calligraphers whose work printing came ultimately to replace.

The influence of the bauhaus on typography

How to Recognize the Influence of Bauhaus Style? Even though the Bauhaus abandoned much of the old academic tradition of fine art education, it emphasized intellectual and theoretical pursuits, seeing the medieval crafts guild as an important method of teaching as well.

Viewing the school first and foremost as an artistic community, it was bound by the idea of creating a total work of art, Gesamtkunstwerk, blurring the hierarchy of Fine Arts and Arts and Crafts Movement.

The influence of the bauhaus on typography

Curiculum Wheel of the Bauhaus School. Bringing together fine art and craft in the shared goal of problem-solving for a modern industrial society, it effectively leveled the old hierarchy of the arts, placing crafts on par with fine arts such as sculpture and painting.

Focusing the teaching of the different subjects as interlocking with each other, the Bauhaus style, reflected the ideas of the influential English designer, William Morris, who argued that art should meet the needs of society and that there should be no distinction between form and function.

The outer rings described the preliminary courses focused on the practical formal analysis, in particular on the contrasting properties of forms, color, and materials. The middle rings represent the research on the problems related to form, emphasizing the practical and technical workshops.

These programs offered the best-known element of the Bauhaus style, and that is functionality through the simplified, geometrical formsminimal embellishment, that let the new designs be reproduced with ease.

At the center of the curriculum were classes that specialized in the practicality through technological reproduction, The influence of the bauhaus on typography the aim on craft and workmanship that was lost in technological manufacturing.

Art Work from unknown Bauhaus artist.

Wassily Kandinsky - Postcard for "Bauhaus Exhibition Weimar July - September 1923" (1923)

What was in focus was also the production of everyday objects and design works that would be handcrafted yet would resemble a mass-produced merchandise. The simple, rational, minimalistic, geometrical, and functional approach to aesthetics, formed a tremendously modern approach to design and art. The insistence on using only primary colors, red, blue and yellow alongside with the use of simple geometrical shapes, led to a distinct ideology of what the Bauhaus designs should resemble.

The everyday objects, furniture, even buildingsneeded to follow the less is more philosophy, due to the need of producing functionality above all, that would follow the modern ideas of looking at art and technology. The experimental spirits of major art figures, such as Wassily KandinskyPaul KleeGeorg Muche, Laszlo Moholy-Nagyjust to name a few, represented the teaching stuff that helped to develop the Bauhaus style.

Each of the artists mentioned was crucial in the understanding and the development of the modern ideas concerning aesthetics, color theorythe fusion of technology and science with artsand helped to shape the aesthetic ideas of the school as well. Not only did the Bauhaus style influence the approach and focus on the simplicity and functionality, it was also the prototype of the art school, as we know it today.

The founder of the school, Walter Gropius, envisioned the totality of all the artistic media, including fine art, industrial design, graphic designtypography, interior design, and architecture, and this interdisciplinary approach to art making and art education is something that we all witness as happening today.

Although the visual elements of the school, such as stark geometrical shapes, simplicity, elegance of design, and the use of primary colors, especially red color, are the easiest to spot influences of the Bauhaus style that we can acknowledge today in geometric abstract artpattern makingposter art and graphic design examples as well the conceptual approach to aesthetics is one of the major influences we see today.

The major intellectual ideas of the school, such as the focus on simplicity and refusal of the ornamentation, playfulness and the investigation of color, geometrical objects, abstraction, and minimalism, were all major ideas of the 20th-century modern artwhose echo is very much present in the various examples of contemporary art.

Bauhaus Style and Its Worldwide Influence The book looks at the innovative teaching methods and the legacy of this most influential art school of the 20th century that not only left the worldwide visual heritage but also has made a mark on art education throughout the world.

Tracing the wide-ranging influence of the world around us, the book examines the history of the school and the major artists that made up the teaching staff. Placed and analyzed with the backdrop of the major events in human history, such as the rise of Hitler, that caused many of the artists important for the understanding of the Bauhaus Style to immigrate to the USA, the reader is given a comprehensive guide to the development of the Bauhaus style and its importance on the global scale.

All images used for illustrative purposes only. Featured image in slider:The Bauhaus was a school whose approach to design and the combination of fine art and arts and crafts proved to be a major influence on the development of graphic .

A Career in Graphic Design - Most people grow up dreaming about becoming an actor, singer, or a professional athlete. They want to be famous, for people to know their name, and they also probably want to make a large amount of money. Staatliches Bauhaus (German: [ˈʃtaːtlɪçəs ˈbaʊˌhaʊs] (listen)), commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from to that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught..

The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in German term Bauhaus. Synopsis. The Bauhaus was the most influential modernist art school of the 20 th century, one whose approach to teaching, and understanding art's relationship to society and technology, had a major impact both in Europe and the United States long after it closed.

It was shaped by the 19 th and early th centuries trends such as Arts and Crafts . The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography.

bauhaus. design. graphic design. Written by. Abduzeedo. Abduzeedo is a collective of individual writers sharing articles about architecture, design, photography, and UX. It was founded in. Bauhaus: Bauhaus, school of design, architecture, and applied arts that existed in Germany from to It was founded by architect Walter Gropius, and notable members included Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, Marcel Breuer, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

Learn more about the Bauhaus’s history and influence.

Bauhaus Typography